FREA presents the following exactly as we found it; some items referred to within it are missing to date.

### From the pamphlet of the 4th Conference on Planetology and Space Mission Planning:

*R.D. and J.M Enzmann, December 1972*

This pamphlet is for the convenience of the press. Here we have gathered prints of the slides used with the paper on Order Theory: and included also a diagram of the physics involved in the formation of star bows. The formation of star-bows takes place when a vehicle moves at any velocity against the continuum; however it is only markedly developed at velocities that are a significant fraction of the velocity of light. Star-bows have been beautifully painted by artist R. Sternbach, as displayed in this session.

The mathematical background supporting this release is contained in the accompanying paper. It has also been published at:

Trans.AM.Geophyisical Union. Enzmann, RD and JM, 1972. *Precession of Planetary Perihelia*. 53:11, page 1110.

Ann. N.Y. Academy of Sciences. Enzmann RD and JM, and Girard, A. 1972. *Cosmological Aspects of Order, Relevance, and Information Theory*. 187: page 10.

The accompanying paper is:

Enzmann, RD and JM, 1972. *Order Theory as Applied to Problems of Gravitation.*

**Gravitational Doppler**

To predict gravitational red or blue shift you need only:

1) Euclid’s Geometry x y z as f(t)

2) A Newtonian Potential Equation U = -GMm/R

3) Hasenohrl’s Principle of the Inertia of Electromagnetic Energy m_{o }= E/C^{2} Circa 1903

4) Planck’s Equation e = h*v*

**Gravitational Bending of Light**

To Predict Gravitational Bending of Light You Need Only:

1) Euclid’s Geometry x y z as f(t)

2) Kepler’s Three Laws of Planetary Motion

3) Newton’s second Law as he stated it F = dp/dt

4) Planck’s Equation e = h*v*

5) Hasenohrl’s Principle of the Inertia of Electromagnetic Energy m = e^{2}/c circa 1903

**Equivalence is a Statement of Observational Ambiguity, Not a Physical Law, and is Invalid**

**Precession of Planetary Perihelia**

To Predict Precession of Orbital Perihelia You Need Only:

1) Euclid’s Geometry x y z as f(t)

2) Kepler’s Three Laws of Planetary Motion

3) Newton’s Universal Law of Gravitation f = GMm/R^{2 }

4) Lorentz’s Effects

**Hammers Fall Faster Than Feathers**

After all, among other things, the hammer does indeed ‘fall’ faster than the feather. Try it on a small asteroid.

**Conclusion**

It is postulated that criteria for validity of theories should be as follows:

1) If two theories are equally broad in their powers of description, the simpler is more valid.

2) If there are two theories and one has broader powers of description, the broader description is more valid.