Notes from: Climate, Astronomy, and Myth
Stellar Sequence Thackeray’s Globules in Constellation Centaurus are bombarded by intense ultraviolet radiation from massive, nearby type-O blue stars. They are evaporating, unlike Bok globules which are condensing.
Stellar Sequence Average mass Youthful Stars [Sun]. Early Thermonuclear Fusion Ignited Stellar Youth: About 30,000,000 years after disc-formation adiabatic temperature increase and density is sufficient to begin early thermonuclear fusion.
Stellar Sequence Mature giants, Average Early Mature Stars [Sun]. Red dwarfs, brown dwarfs and failed stars. About 50,000,000 years after disc formation. Main-Sequence Thermonuclear Fusion Ignited thermonuclear fusion of hydrogen begins.
In constellation Sagittarius M-21 Open Cluster with ca.300,000-year-old M-20. The Trifid Nebula @ ca.7,000 light years is largely illuminated by ultra-violet radiation from triplet stellar system H-4 and a cluster of smaller new-formed stars about it.
From Emission-Nebula to Galactic Open Cluster appear as Stars newly condensed in a GMC [giant molecular cloud] blast away their cloudy cocoon. These loose associations quickly dissipate in the Milky Way’s disc. At this time, it’s difficult-to-impossible to discover our Sun’s former open cluster siblings.
Stellar Sequence Galactic Open Cluster. M-45 the Pleiades ca 100 stars in Taurus, its diameter about 7 light years, is @ 380 light years. Hyades ca. 300 stars @ 150 light years, in Taurus, cluster diameter 8 light years.
Planetary compositions: Ice Giants [Neptune], Gas Giants [Jupiter], and Terrestrial [Asteroids, Mars, Earth, Venus, Mercury] are a consequence of these “explosive” pulses creating Herbig-Haro beads. Distances between planets are functions of intervals between Herbig-Haro beads. This will vary as a function of the proto-stellar mass. Distances between planets as in the Solar System described by the Titus-Bode law will be similar in all stars formed from protostars of similar mass and composition.
Palatite meteorites: olivine in nickel-iron representing a zone between a planetary core and its lithosphere.
Stellar Sequence Early Solar Supernova Singe
Only Supernovae produce radioactive Iron-60; it decays into Nickel-60. The sun and solar system formed ca 4,500,000,000 years ago. Aluminum isn’t created by supernovae. Eight meteorites formed during the Solar system’s first 3,000,000 years all contain take same proportions of aluminum. However, meteorites formed after the Solar System’s first 1,000,000 years contain high percentages of Nickel-60, a supernova detonated within a half-light year of the Early Solar System.
Main-Sequence Fusion of Helium and Heavier Elements
Stellar Old Age – About 8,000,000,000 years after disc formation thermonuclear fusion of heavier elements.
The detonation of a supernova should sweep dust out of the system. However, the infra-red image shows:
1- A cloud of reddish dust about the star
2- The green-blue rings. This suggests that while the dust was blown out of the system comets were not
3- And then due to mass loss the comets moved toward the system’s barycenter.
4- Collisions were much more frequent with the formation of dust sinking in about the star
5- Denser cometary zones.
This compares with planetary formation as mass is blasted away from proto stars in Herbig-Haro jets.
Stellar Sequence LRNe Luminous Red Novae V-838 in the constellation Monoceros seems to have formed by the merging of two stars.
Every few thousand years, it’s theorized that dusty gases fed into the disc about the white dwarf by its companion star, so overload the disc that its viscosity changes such that an unusual mass is dumped into the white dwarf causing it to pulse brilliantly as a nova. This is suggestive that similar viscosity changes in early-stellar Herbig-Haro stages suddenly dump mass inward causing polar pulsations.
Unusually massive, quickly collapsing stellar condensations:
1. Very rapidly generate intense gamma fluxes in their cores.
2. Initially radiation pressure of the gamma flux supports the star’s outer, still-collapsing mass.
3. When the gamma flux is sufficiently high pair-production [combination of gamma rays to create electron-positron pairs]
4. The loss of radiation pressure results in swift implosion of the star
5. Pair production rises swiftly
6. The pairs then quickly annihilate one another generating a secondary, very quick, very energetic genesis of gamma radiation which tears the star asunder.
That such a process can exist suggests that while dark stars and dark galactic cores can exist as transients; no “black hole” can be stable; and therefore no such singularities [impossibilities] exist. The flaw is in the gravitational formula’s singularities.